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General Equilibrium Impacts of Technological Change under Different Market Structures: A Comparison of Supply Managed and Other Primary Agricultural Markets in Canada

Author:

Pahan Prasada

Senior Lecturer, Department of Agricultural Economics and Business Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Peradeniya, LK
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Abstract

Market impacts of technological change in Canadian agriculture are measured within a CGE framework using 2001 input-output data with agriculture disaggregated to six sectors and thirteen commodities. Technological change is modelled as productivity rises in the use of intermediate inputs and of primary factors. Impacts on output, intermediate use of output, foreign trade, final consumption, returns to primary factors and relative price are calculated for primary and processed food products. Impacts of technological change can be summarised into two general outcomes. First, supply managed sectors respond to technological change differently than other agricultural sectors. In the former, economic rents generated from quotas increase while in the latter, outputs, exports, and final consumption increase along with declines of relative supply prices. Second, large relative price declines for other commodities lead to consumer gains.

DOI: 10.4038/sjae.v9i0.1830

Sri Lankan Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 9, 2007 pp.1-21

How to Cite: Prasada, P., (2010). General Equilibrium Impacts of Technological Change under Different Market Structures: A Comparison of Supply Managed and Other Primary Agricultural Markets in Canada. Sri Lankan Journal of Agricultural Economics. 9, pp.1–21. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjae.v9i0.1830
Published on 20 Apr 2010.
Peer Reviewed

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