Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Factors Affecting the Adoption of Environmental Management Systems by Crop and Livestock Far...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Articles

Factors Affecting the Adoption of Environmental Management Systems by Crop and Livestock Farms in Canada

Authors:

Udith K Jayasinghe-Mudalige ,

Department of Agribusiness Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Plantation Management, Wayamba University, Makandura, Gonawila (NWP), LK
X close

Alfons Weersink

Department of Agricultural Economics and Business, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, CA
X close

Abstract

This study examines, both qualitative and quantitatively, the motivation for crop, livestock, and mixed (both crop and livestock) farms in Canada to behave environmentally responsibly by adopting Environmental Management Systems (EMS) in the farm and the impact of a number of human capital, financial, farm structure, and social characteristics of the farmer and/or the farm on this behavior. It uses the data from 16,053 farms that responded to the Farm Environmental Management Survey conducted by Statistics Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 2001, which collects information on implementation of EMS in the areas manure, fertilizer, pesticide, water, wildlife, grazing, and nutrient management in the farm. The outcome of analysis show that mixed farms have the highest adoption rates, in general, across the eight EMSs considered in this study, while livestock-only farms have the lowest. The most common EMSs used by all farms are fertilizer and pesticide management plans with the whole farm environmental plan as the least likely to be adopted. The results based on a regression analysis suggest that “young” and “rich” farmers with a “large” land extent tend to adopt as many as possible EMS, but the gender of the farmer does not show a significant impact on this behaviour. The level of urbanization and government regulation also affects significantly the level of adoption of EMSs. The analysis, as a whole, points out that even in the absence of “mandatory” national level policies to regulate agricultural farms in Canada, farmers show a tendency to adopt as much as possible EMS “voluntarily”, because of their own interests in the farming environment and/or motives originating from the market where they operated with.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/sjae.v6i1.3468

SJAE 2004; 6(1): 25-36

How to Cite: Jayasinghe-Mudalige, U.K. & Weersink, A., (2011). Factors Affecting the Adoption of Environmental Management Systems by Crop and Livestock Farms in Canada. Sri Lankan Journal of Agricultural Economics. 6(1), pp.25–36. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/sjae.v6i1.3468
Published on 25 Aug 2011.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus